Celiac disease is not that uncommon as many might believe, the disease affecting 1 in 100 people worldwide. A new research shows that a common virus named reovirus can trigger this disorder. The study was conducted by a team of international researchers.
The Reovirus And Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disease that prevents the ingestion of gluten. In other words, when people who suffer from this condition eat gluten, their immune system attacks the small intestine. The reaction can damage the small intestine and result in long-term health complication. People who suffer from this condition can only eat gluten-free products.
The reovirus is very common in infections and most of the times it doesn’t show any symptoms. Normally, this virus is associated with respiratory infections and fever. Researchers observed that people who suffer from celiac disorder have a higher level of reovirus antibodies.
“Viruses have been suspected as potential triggers of autoimmune or food allergy-related diseases for decades,” mentioned one of the researchers, Herbert Virgin.
When a person is healthy, the body absorbs food proteins normally. Apparently, when a person is infected with the reovirus the immune system acts defensively. The same thing happens to people who have celiac disease. For these people, gluten can be deadly because it damages the small intestine and it prevents it from absorbing the much-needed nutrients.
This shows that the reovirus acts exactly like this disorder. It stops out bodies from absorbing and digesting food. Researchers believed that they found the connection between the infection with reovirus and celiac disease. This means that viruses can be blamed for many autoimmune diseases.
Experts mentioned that people should be very careful with this virus. This is because it can be spread easily and it can cause several long-term diseases. Despite the fact that the reovirus is not deadly, it can cause other diseases. People should get vaccinated against this virus in order to avoid celiac disease and type 1 diabetes. This virus is more dangerous for children but adults should also be wary.
What is your opinion about this study? Did you know that viruses can cause autoimmune disease?
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