Cancer is a disease that affects thousands of people every year. The problem is that from those people not all of them survive this disease. A new report brings great news: the death rate from cancer has declined in the last 25 years.
This decline in the death rate from cancer is driven by the reduction of smoking and the advances that were made in early detection and treatments. The researchers mentioned that the treatments have changed a lot in the last 25 years and that is why the rate is lower now.
In order to make a comparison, in 1975 people who were diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia has only 41% chance of surviving 5 years after being diagnosed. The numbers have changed in 2012 when the same rate increased to 70%. When it comes to chronic myeloid leukemia the rates increased from 22% in 1975 to 66% in 2012.
This is not the case for pancreas and lung cancer because the treatments did not evolve as great as they were supposed to. These days, only 8% of people with pancreatic cancer survived after 5 years. Five years after being diagnosed only 18% of lung cancer patients survived.
The report showed that when it comes to liver cancer the death rate increased by 3% from 2010 to 2014. The numbers were the same for liver cancer death rate. They also rose by 3% every year.
The report, however, showed that for all types of cancer, after 5 years of being diagnosed the death rate declined by more than 20 % in the last 25 year. Another factor that influenced the survival rates of minorities that were diagnosed with cancer was the Affordable Care Act. The fact that minorities were able to afford health care helped them.
“These shifts should help to expedite progress in reducing socioeconomic disparities in cancer, as well as other health conditions,” the report says.
The report mentioned that it is important to get tested in order to detect cancer early because it is easier to treat. This way people have a higher chance of surviving more than 5 years after being diagnosed with any type of cancer.
What is your opinion about this study? Do you think that the death rates have declined because of better treatments?
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