Experts are excited about a new drug for dementia. A team of scientists believes they have found a new drug that can stop neurodegenerative brain diseases. Four years ago, The UK Medical Research council managed to stop the brain cells of an animal from dying. Despite the fact that they managed to do so, the compound they used is not suited for humans.
Now, researchers found two drugs that can have the same effect and are also safe for people to use. The leader of the study, Prof. Giovanna Mallucci believed that this new drug can help people with neurodegenerative diseases. She also mentioned that they want to start human trials as soon as possible.
These brain diseases are caused by a virus that hijacks the brain. Due to this, the brain produces a build-up of proteins. Brain cells respond and they shut down all protein production. The brain is then starved and it causes severe consequences. People who suffer from this type of condition lose their memory and sometimes their ability to move. Some neurodegenerative diseases can even kill the patient.
In the study that was made in 2013, researchers used a compound that protected the brain from stopping the protein production. Despite the fact that it worked on mice, the compound was considered to be toxic to the human pancreas.
The New Drug for Neurodegenerative Diseases
In the last four years, scientists tested almost 1000 drugs on mice, nematode worms, and human cells in a dish. Two of these drugs showed more potential in preventing neurodegenerative diseases like dementia. The drugs are named DBM and trazodone. DBM is tested for cancer patients while trazodone is taken by people with depression.
“Both were very highly protective and prevented memory deficits, paralysis and dysfunction of brain cells,” mentioned Prof. Giovanna Mallucci.
Researchers said that now it’s the time for clinical trials in order to see if these drugs have the same effect on people too. They added that the drugs can’t cure the neurodegenerative diseases completely, but they can stop them from spreading and causing permanent damage. Despite the fact that trazodone is already used as a treatment, people are advised to wait for the results of the clinical trials before they take any of the drugs.
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