In the current context of climate change and global warming, you can now view Earth’s most vulnerable spots shown on map. Scientists have put together this map in order to show the world which regions will become the most affected, and thus which ones need our help for preservation.
The new map was created by University of Bergen researchers in Norway. In order to achieve this result, they compiled monthly production stats and satellite images taken from the year 2000 until 2003. In this way they could take a look at the vegetation state all over the world. Subsequently, this helped them identify the consequences of climate change from fourteen years ago and calculate the effects that it will have in our future.
In more detail, the researchers compared the pictures with the production generated in the same areas. The changes were marked by each passing month in order to achieve the most accurate result. The map they created was named the Vegetation Sensitivity Index, and its purpose is to show the impact of climate change and help scientists predict its evolution. Furthermore, it can also help us take measures and save entire ecosystems and environments from destruction.
Study lead author Alistair Seddon from the Biology Department at the University of Bergen, has stated that they have discovered areas that are more ecologically sensitive than others. Those include tropical forests, prairie and steppe regions and alpine regions on three continents, North and South America and Asia. Furthermore, the Arctic tundra is heavily affected, along with eastern Australia and the South American forests.
The regions were marked with the color green that signals they are very volatile and thus will adapt to the availability of the water, the cover of the clouds and the changing temperature. Scientists will all keep a steady watch over the green areas since those will present the clearest changes.
On the other side, the regions marked with the color red have suffered the most from global warming and are highly sensitive to it. Northern South America and the Scandinavian Peninsula in Europe are part of this category, along with other rainforests and mountain ranges.
The third category of regions was marked as vegetation barren or covered in ice, as it includes areas like the Sahara desert or Antarctica.
Seddon believes that such identification of vulnerable areas is of utmost importance for food resources, but also for a throughout understanding of the changes our planet is going through. With Earth’s most vulnerable spots shown on map we might have a chance of helping the surrounding environment and thus ourselves.
Image Source: Tech Times