The most recent study on the matter has demonstrated that nowadays younger people start showing signs of heart attacks, especially if they are obese. The Cleveland Clinic has reported a surge in younger, fatter and sicker patients between 1995 and 2014. However, it is still too early to say if this will influence other trends as well.
The data collected by one of the leading hospitals in the United States has shown that people treated for STEMI (ST-elevated myocardial infarction) or heart attacks have become more obese, but also younger. Furthermore, it seems that the rates among those who smoke and are affected by a heart attack have also risen from 28 percent to 46 percent, in spite of the overall rates’ decline.
In order to reach these results, the researchers had to analyze data gathered between 1995 and 2014 from 3900 patients. The study will be detailed at the American College of Cardiology’s 65th scientific session, that will take place between April 2 and 4 in Chicago.
According to Samir Kapadia, primary investigator of the study, section head of interventional cardiology and professor of medicine at Cleveland Clinic, the team had to divide data collected from STEMI patients into four parts. Each of those parts stood for a period of five years.
Upon a close inspection, between the first and the last period, the patients’ average age changed from 64 to 60 years. Additionally, the rate of obese people rose from 31 percent to 40 percent. In this case, individuals were considered obese if they had a body mass index with a value over thirty.
The study also demonstrated that persons who experienced heart attacks were also sicker than normal. For example, the share of patients with diabetes changed from 24 percent to 31 percent during this period of time, while the people with high blood pressure recorded a surge from 55 percent to 77 percent. Furthermore, those with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder) who also suffered heart attacks reached a twelve percent rate from the previous five percent. Lastly, the share of people with more than three major cardiovascular risks rose from 65 percent to 85 percent.
Until the socioeconomic analysis is released, scientists cannot yet determine whether the results can apply to all the United States. The report also needs to be updated with the insurance status of the patients.
Nevertheless, the results show once more the deteriorating health of people, mainly caused by the sedentary lifestyles we lead, but also the fact that we go to see the doctor only when the problems get out of hand.
Image Source: Dr. Bill Sukala