According to a NASA report, July 2016 was the hottest month on record, while breaking yet another monthly heat record. Researchers said that July is the 10th month in a row to see record temperatures.
This month is also the hottest July ever recorded since 1888 when the first records started. The news was confirmed by the US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) whose instruments revealed that the last 14 months displayed record temperatures.
NOAA has yet to release a report for July 2016.
NASA published the report on its site and publicized it on Twitter via the account of Nasa Goddard Institute for Space Studies’ director Gavin Schmidt.
July 2016 was absolutely the hottest month since the instrumental records began. pic.twitter.com/GQNsvARPDH
— Gavin Schmidt (@ClimateOfGavin) August 15, 2016
The NASA report was based on data on sea surface temperatures and ground air temperatures.
The data revealed that this month was 0.84 degrees C hotter than any July between 1951 and 1981 and 0.11 degrees C hotter than last year’s July. With the new record holder, 2016 is on its way to becoming the hottest year in recorded history.
But NASA scientists can only be “virtually certain” that this is the case as they need for the year to end to be sure.
Scientists explained that the recently-observed string of record breaking months and years may be due to an unfortunate mix between global warming effects and a strong El Nino event.
El Nino brings warm water into the Pacific thus raising global temperatures. NASA researchers explained that their global temperature figures already include an extra half a degree C, so this July was in fact 1.3 degrees C warmer than pre-industrial mean temperatures.
NASA believes that El Nino accounts for extra 0.2 degrees C, while the rest of 1.1 degrees C may be caused by human activities and global warming. Even though, El Nino is over, its effects will persist for three to six more months, researchers said.
So, as El Nino loses strength we should see fewer record breakers such as February 2016 which was unusually hot for its time, being 1.32 degrees C warmer than any February between 1951 and 1980.
NASA scientists are confident that we will not witness any more temperature records later this year.
Image Source: Pixabay