The authorities of Bronx are alarmed over three special cases within the city. These people came into contact with a bacterial disease that was thought to affect only animals. One of the victims succumbed while the other two are in a critical condition. This rare disease is leptospirosis, and it is usually spread by rodents, especially rats.
On Tuesday, city officials reported that the three cases of this rare disease occurred over the span of two months. What is similar about these is that they all were contaminated in the area of the Concourse section in a radius of one block. The acting deputy commissioner of the Health Department, Demetre Daskalakis, stated that leptospirosis has rarely left animals to infect humans within New York City. This is why three cases over the course of two months is a reason of concern for the authorities. The victims needed immediate hospital care because of kidney and liver failure. The two victims that are alive battled with a major pulmonary hemorrhage.
The good news is that the two patients experienced a successful recovery and they are already home after around two weeks in the hospital. The authorities allowed the officials at the Health Department together with the Red Cross to vacate the basement apartments in the infected area in the Bronx. Medical employees are urged to report any sign of a new case of this rare disease.
Symptoms of leptospirosis consist of headaches, fever, conjunctival suffusion, nausea, photophobia, muscle pain, and vomiting. One of the survivals of the disease confessed that his whole body hurt and he lost appetite completely. Daskalakis identified special effects such as liver and kidney failure, internal bleeding, hemodynamic collapse, and pulmonary hemorrhage.
This rare disease is caused by Leptospira, bacteria that are shaped like a corkscrew. The bacteria enjoy moist and warm habitats that are plenty both in rural and urban areas. Usually, people get the infection when they come in contact with the urine of a rat that is hosting the bacteria. Water, soil, and food that have been contaminated by the rat can easily infect persons once they get in the system. Between 2006 and 2016, there were only 26 cases of such rare disease which account for up to three cases per year.
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