A recent study suggests that consuming coffee is beneficial in case of diabetes and inflammation. Researchers from Harokopio University in Athens, Greece claim that people who drink coffee regularly are half less likely to suffer from inflammation and diabetes. The paper was published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
For the study scientists analyzed more than 1.300 men and women who were at least 18 years old in 2001 and 2002. The participants in the study were required to answer surveys regarding their diet and how often they drank coffee. The researchers also conducted blood tests in order to determine the level of protein inflammation markers and the level of antioxidants which offers information about the body’s ability to eliminate component which damage the cells. The study lasted for ten years.
It was established that those who drink more than 1.5 cups of coffee per day will be considered habitual drinkers, whereas those who drink less than 1.5 cups will be deemed casual coffee drinkers. Among the participants there were 385 habitual drinkers, 816 casual drinkers and 239 people who did not drink coffee at all.
After ten years passed 191 of the participants had developed diabetes (13 percent men and 12 percent women). Compared to non-coffee drinkers habitual coffee drinkers had 54 percent lower chances of developing diabetes. The result stayed the same even after other variable factors were taken into account such as cases of type 2 diabetes in the family history, high blood pressure and smoking.
It was observed that an increased consumption of coffee was linked with a lower level of serum amyloid inside the body. Amyloid is an inflammatory marker in the blood.
The lead author of the study Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos from Harokopio University (the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics) remarked:
“Oxidative stress has been shown to accelerate the dysfunction of pancreatic b-cells and antioxidants intake has been shown to decrease diabetes risk, so the antioxidant components of coffee may be beneficial, but still more research is needed toward this direction.”
He also added that such a relation between coffee and diabetes was hinted at in previous studies as well. However other studies claim that the relation between the two is insignificant. Until more research is conducted Panagiotakos said that the study can be perceived as a cause-and-effect hypothesis.
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