Research shows that women who use oral contraceptives are more protected from endometrial cancer. This type of cancer is one that damages the uterine lining, and it affects primarily women over 60, which are past their reproductive stage, as said by the US National Cancer Institute.
It may seem that African-American women are at risk of developing worse conditions implied by this type of cancer. The study was published in the journal Cancer Epidemology, Biomarkers & Prevention.
UK-based Valerie Beral, study author, from the University of Oxford, said that concise results were discovered involving the fact that the pill’s protection lasts for over 30 years.
Beral analyzed 27,276 women who suffered from the tumor, and 115,743 who didn’t. They included countries and continents where women would live on higher lifestyle standards, such as Europe, the US, Japan, Australia and South Africa. 50 percent of the subjects had turned 63 years of age and half of the cancer patients had been diagnosed by 2001.
The resolution of the study was clear. Approximately 40 percent of women from those groups who had taken birth control pills for at least 4 years hadn’t developed endometrial tumors. Moreover, women who did use contraceptives were less inclined to develop endometrial carcinoma by the time they would turn 75.
Approximately 140,000 women worldwide were included in the study. Researchers found out that the risk of developing endometrial cancer in women taking birth control pills for about five years was decreased by 24 percent.
The US National Cancer Institute (NCI) said that if a woman takes contraceptives, she would be less inclined to develop ovarian and endometrial tumors, but the risk of facing breast, liver and cervical illnesses would increase. The pills composition is made of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
The symptoms of endometrial cancer could include obesity and the inability to give birth. Moreover, menstruation could start at an earlier age, whereas menopause at an older age.
Dr. Nicolas Wentzensen of the NCI pointed out that contraceptives work as inhibiting factors to ovulation, and that a decreased number of ovulations across a woman’s lifetime is associated with a lesser risk of her developing two variants of cancer: uterine and ovarian.
Dr. Wentzensen concluded that a low level of estrogen, thanks to birth control pills, implies less odds of getting endometrial cancer, whereas when the woman stops the process – higher levels of this female hormone do not increase the risks furthermore.
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