A recent study funded by U.S. National Institutes of Health suggests that a heavy coffee consumption might help the ladies with more than refreshing, but also with decreasing the risk of endometrial cancer.
The team of researchers has based their results on two comprehensive ongoing studies, using data collected from than 456,000 women. Doctors have diagnosed the eating habits of almost 3,000 women suffering from endometrium cancer, a disease which affects the lining of the uterus. In contrast with consuming a cup of coffee a day, the consumption of four cups equaled to reducing cancer with 18 percent.
The head of the study, Melissa Merritt, whose research work in cancer epidemiology at Imperial College London in England is well known, stated that the results were somewhat expected. Previous studies have also showed that a higher intake of coffee is associated with lower risk of endometrial cancer. Furthermore, this study used similar techniques with those previous studies to investigate this link between coffee and cancer, making it easier to comprise an educated comparison across different studies focusing on the same medical issue.
The results of those previous studies showed that 37 ounces and 26 ounces, respectively were responsible for a reduction of 18 percent in the risk of developing endometrial cancer.
Merritt’s team did not focus solely on coffee, at first, but also assessed the connection with endometrial cancer in 84 other foods and nutrients. For most of them, no consistent association could be found.
Even in the case of coffee, the link between reducing the risk of the disease and the high consumption was not established as a cause-and-effect relationship. The team could not make a clear difference between the effect decaf or regular coffee, so Merritt did not articulate a firm support for neither in detriment of the other.
The experts could not say for sure why coffee is good for women. One of the plausible explanations for the association might be that coffee is known for reducing estrogen levels, altering the hormonal balance in the body. Dr. Robert Morgan also pointed to the antioxidants in coffee, which are believed to discourage cell damage and slow the process. He also believes that it’s probably not just the caffeine that helps, since no other caffeine-containing foods have tested positive for reducing the risk of endometrial cancer.
Among the risk factors for developing endometrial cancer are obesity, early start of periods (younger than 12) and late menopause. In the United States, the average age of menopause is 51.
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