An interesting experiment involving 100,000 gamers successfully proved Einstein wrong. We are talking about the famous theory about the phenomenon called spooky action at a distance, which already enters the field of quantum mechanics. These volunteering gamers showed quantum entanglement worked, and also offered a possible explanation for it.
Scientists explained the spooky action theory through games and random numbers
Spooky action at a distance means that particles might issue an influence upon each other even when they’re really far away from each other. However, Einstein thought only one small part of it was a matter of quantum mechanics. Instead, he was convinced there must be some other explanation that better suits the phenomenon.
Researchers wanted to test the quantum hypothesis and performed some demonstrations of a phenomenon called quantum entanglement. However, they still couldn’t find an explanation, so Einstein’s unknown variables sounded plausible. Fortunately, the team of gaming volunteers brought a new light on the spooky action theory.
They played a series of games which generated random numbers, so there weren’t any variables that could influence the phenomenon. Afterwards, scientists took the numbers and used them for a series of quantum tests performed in different labs. Then, they measured the entangled particles that were involved in the process. Therefore, some truly random factors could generate some measurable particles.
The results challenge Einstein’s views of the universe
This spooky action experiment brought some solid evidence against Einstein’s local realism theory. This states that an action performed in a certain direction won’t produce a result in a different location. Judging from this theory, it means the universe is always the same, both when we’re looking at it and when we don’t.
However, quantum physics and mechanism function from a different principle. This means we might use quantum theory to explain how the universe is working, and everything happens randomly. There are no hidden factors or variables that might influence the final results.
“We showed that a key property of entanglement in space, so-called monogamy of entanglement, does not hold in the temporal domain,” say the researchers.
This landmark study on the spooky action theory and quantum entanglement was published in the journal Nature.
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